Dec 14

详细讲解Ubuntu Server安装过程 不指定

bkkkd , 22:02 , 网摘 » Web 技术 , 评论(0) , 引用(0) , 阅读(4840) , Via 本站原创 | |
系统软件:Ubuntu 7.04 内核,Fluxbox桌面管理,firefox浏览器,openoffice办公软件,xfe文件管理器

Step1:安装Ubuntu 7.04 Server

a、Server安装画面,按F6,在 -- 之前添加 "irqpoll" 选项; 按F4,选择屏幕分辨率为1024×768 32

b、语言选择English

c、当安装自动设定 DHCP 时,选择 “Cancel”节省系统安装时间

d、手动硬盘分区,创建一个65Mb的分区,并将其挂载点设定为 /boot,bootable选项设定为True,如不这么设定,系统安装完无法启动

e、Server 安装类型、选择LAMP

f、安装过程约15分钟

Step 2:设定网络

a、动态ip:

sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces 在文件的最后加入

iface eth0 inet dhcp

auto eth0

b、静态ip:(加快启动速度)

iface eth0 inet static

address 192.168.0.3

netmask 255.255.255.0

gateway 192.168.0.1

auto eth0

注:ip地址设定为192.168.0.3,子网掩码:255.255.255.0,网关:192.168.0.1

按 Ctrl+o 保存文件,按Ctrl+x退出

设定DNS(动态ip不需)

sudo nano /etc/resolv.conf 在文件加入

nameserver 192.168.0.1

注:192.168.0.1 是DNS的ip地址

按 Ctrl+o 保存文件,按Ctrl+x退出

Step 3、重启系统网络

sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

Step 4、修改 源

从网上获得一个复制文件 或 手工修改

a、从网上获得一个源复制文件

wget http://www.topmiracle.net/sources.list

sudo cp ./sources.list /etc/apt

b、手工修改

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list 设定 源 为

deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

Step 5、更新 源软件包 和 更新系统软件

sudo aptitude update

sudo aptitude upgrade

Step 6、安装Xorg,Fluxbox,Synaptic

sudo aptitude install xorg fluxbox synaptic

Step 7、安装英文和中文包

sudo aptitude install language-pack-en language-pack-en-base language-pack-zh language-pack-zh-base language-selector language-selector-common

Step 8、在英文界面输入中文

sudo fontconfig-voodoo -f zh_CN

Step 9、安装fcitx中文输入

sudo aptitude install fcitx

im-switch -s fcitx

sudo nano /etc/gtk-2.0/gtk.immodules

找到下面这个部份

"/usr/lib/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodules/im-xim.so"
"xim" "X Input Method" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "ko:ja:th:zh"

更改为

"/usr/lib/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodules/im-xim.so"
"xim" "X Input Method" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "en:ko:ja:th:zh"

Set 10、设定中文输入,系统环境

sudo nano /etc/environment 在文件PATH后添加以下内容LC_CTYPE="zh_CN.UTF-8"

LANG="en_US.UTF-8"

Step 11、安装中文字体

sudo aptitude install xfonts-wqy

Setp 12、设定系统启用中文字体

从网上复制一个配置文件 或者 手工创建

a、从网上复制一个配置文件

wget http://www.topmiracle.net/language-selector.conf

sudo cp ./language-selector.conf /etc/fonts

b、手工创建

sudo nano /etc/fonts/language-selector.conf 文件内容为


    
                serif
                
                        Bitstream Vera Serif
                        DejaVu Serif
                        AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni
                        WenQuanYi Bitmap Song
                        AR PL ZenKai Uni
                

        

        
                sans-serif
                
                        Bitstream Vera Sans
                        DejaVu Sans
                        AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni
                        WenQuanYi Bitmap Song
                        AR PL ZenKai Uni
                

        

        
                monospace
                
                        Bitstream Vera Sans Mono
                        DejaVu Sans Mono
                        AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni
                        WenQuanYi Bitmap Song
                        AR PL ZenKai Uni
                

        

        
                
                        Song
                        Sun
                        Kai
                        Ming
                
  
                
                
                        100
        

                
                        180
                

                
                        true
                

    

        
                
                        Song
                        Sun
                        Kai
                        Ming
                
  
                
                        false
                

                
                        0
                

                
                        true
                

                
                        false
                

                
                        true
                

                
                        18
                

                
                        false
                

        



Step 13、确认系统拥有zh_CN.UTF8

sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales

Step 14、安装firefox,openoffice,sun-java6-jre

sudo aptitude install firefox moxilla-firefox-locale-zh-cn openoffice.org sun-java6-jre

Step 15、卸载Server默认安装的nfs(网络共享用samba, 以后安装)

sudo aptitude remove nfs

Step 16、重启电脑

sudo reboot (sudo poweroff是关闭电脑)

Step 17、Login后享受Ubuntu+Fluxbox的惊人速度

startx

Step 18、安装xfe文件管理器

xfe是一个功能强大,耗能极少,速度极快的文件管理器,xfe 0.98版以后支持UTF8,安装前请确认版本号大于0.98目前(2007年4月)最新版是0.99-1,可到

http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=64835 下载deb包(xfe主页http://sourceforge.net/projects/xfe)

下载后先安装libfox-1.6-0

sudo aptitude install libfox-1.6-0

安装xfe(deb包)

sudo dpkg -i xfe_0.99-1_i386.deb

其他参考:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/LowMemorySystems

http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/
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